LIFE GOES ON: AN INTRODUCTION

MY GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS

THE SIXTEEN FAMILIES

KNOTT - I - BOWLES - I - WATERS - I - HARRALL - I - PAGE - I - WISEMAN - I - CROSS - I - CARTER

CORNWELL - I - HUCKLE - I - MORTLOCK - I - MANSFIELD - I - REYNOLDS - I - CARTER - I - ANABLE - I - STEARN

CHRONOLOGY - I - DRAMATIS PERSONAE - I - WHERE PEOPLE CAME FROM - I - CALENDAR

MAP OF ELY - I - MAP OF MEDWAY
MAP OF CAMBRIDGE AND DISTRICT

THE WORKHOUSE

WORLD WAR I - I - WORLD WAR II

simonknott.co.uk I home I e-mail

LIFE GOES ON


Shudy Camps Horseheath


The Carter family: quiet poverty in the hilly parishes of south-east Cambridgeshire

My Mother's Mother's Father's Mother's family

The narrative can be read in conjunction with
the Reynolds family tree. You can see places significant to the Carter family on the site map of Cambridge and district.
This family story includes material from, and links with, the stories of the
Reynolds, Anable and Stearn families. My direct ancestors are highlighted in bold the first time they appear in the narrative.

Wandering around the quiet, neat churchyards of St Mary, Shudy Camps and All Saints Horseheath, not far from where Cambridgeshire, Suffolk and Essex meet, I could find no mention of the Carter family, or the families they married into, the Lucases, Alstons, the Parmenters. But they were here, down the long generations, for the Carter family feature in the records of these parishes and their neighbours back into the 17th Century and beyond. Many families in rural England before the Industrial Revolution were poor, and many were large. The Carter family, I think, were poorer and larger than most.

My great-great-great-grandfather John Carter was born at Horseheath, on the road between Cambridge and Haverhill, and baptised there at All Saints church on 8th July 1821. In 1840, at the age of 19, he married my great-great-great-grandmother Rebecca Lucas a couple of miles to the south at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. John's parents, my great-great-great-great-grandparents Thomas Carter and Mary Alston Parmenter, had married at Shudy Camps in 1811, while Rebecca's parents, my great-great-great-great-grandparents James Suttle and Mary Lucas, had married in the same parish a few months after the birth of their daughter in 1820.

A little over a year after the marriage of the young couple John Carter and Rebeccca Lucas, their first child was born on the 13th August 1841, my great-great-grandmother Mary Ann Carter. Mary Ann would be the eldest of at least fifteen children, four of whom would die in infancy, but several of whom would live to grand old ages, including Mary Ann:

    Mary Ann Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1841. Baptised on the 23rd January 1842 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. My great-great-grandmother - see below.

George Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1843. Baptised on the 18th August 1843 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home with his parents in Shudy Camps for the 1851 census and in Duxford for the 1861 census. In 1868 he mnarried Mary Ann Robinson in the Royston area of Hertfordshire, just over the border from Duxford, and in 1871 was living as an agricultural labourer with his wife and son Frederick Charles at Thriplow, Cambridgeshire, again nearby. George's younger brother Charles was lodging in the house. George and Mary Ann would have at least three more children, Jane, George and Albert. The family crossed the border again to Barkway, Hertfordshire for the 1881 census, while 1891 and 1901 found them back in Cambridgeshire at Bassingbourn, although none of these villages are very far apart. Finally, the family were living in Royston when George died in 1911, a few weeks before the census. He was 68 years old.

James Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1844. Baptised on the 22nd September 1844 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home with his parents in Shudy Camps for the 1851 census and in Duxford for the 1861 census. Towards the end of the 1860s he married a Hertfordshire-born woman called Sarah Ann. She was nearly ten years older than him. Their eldest daughter Elizabeth was born in 1870. There may have been other children, but Sarah Ann died in 1879 and the following year James married again, this time to Eliza Andrews, an Essex-born girl twenty years his junior. Eliza was probably a relative of James's younger brother Joseph's wife Amy. James and Eliza had at least eight further children: Rose, Charles, May, Albert, Arthur, Lily, Primrose and Daisy. James and his wife appear to have spent the rest of their lives in Duxford.

Jane Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1845. Baptised on the 9th November 1845 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home for the 1851 census, she disappears after this and was probably dead by 1861.

Harriet Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1847. Baptised on the 20th June 1847 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home with her parents in Shudy Camps for the 1851 census and in Duxford for the 1861 census, she married Duxford-born Joel Spicer in the 4th quarter of 1868. They lived a couple of miles off at Chrishall in Essex, and had at least four children, William John, Julia and Frederick. At the time of the 1901 census they were back in Duxford, and Harriet died there in 1932 at the age of 86.

Charles Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1848. Baptised on the 3rd September 1848 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home with his parents in Shudy Camps for the 1851 census and in Duxford for the 1861 census, he was an agricultural labourer lodging in the household of his elder brother George at Thriplow at the time of the 1871 census. The name is a common one, but there do not appear to be any Shudy Camps-born Charles Carters on any further censuses, so Charles may have gone abroad or died before 1881.

Henry Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1849. Baptised on the 22nd January 1850 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home with his parents in Shudy Camps in 1851, Henry died at the age on 9 in Duxford in the 2nd quarter of 1859.

Joseph Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1851. Baptised on the 17th October 1851 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. Joseph was born after the 1851 census but was at home with his parents in Duxford for the 1861 and 1871 censuses. He married Amy Andrews in Duxford in 1872. She was probably a relative of Joseph's elder brother James's wife Eliza. Joseph and Amy lived in Duxford at first, and their first child Amy was born there in 1873. By 1875, they were living in Bishops Stortford, Essex, for the birth of second child Percy. They were still in Bishops Stortford for the 1901 census, when Joseph was the foreman in a grain depot.

Fanny Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1852. Baptised on the 17th October 1852 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. Fanny died at the age of 3 and was buried on 28th August 1856 in Shudy Camps churchyard.

Jarvis Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1854. Baptised on the Christmas Day 1854 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. Jarvis's birth was recorded under the name 'Gervase' by the Linton registrar. At home with his parents in Duxford for the 1861 and 1871 censuses, he married Elizabeth Pymont in the Royston registration district in the third quarter of 1877. They lived at Duxford, and had at least five children, Charles, James, Kate, Alfred and Ernest. At the time of the 1891 census, Jarvis was an agricultural labourer. When he died at the grand old age of 87 in 1942, his name was again recorded as Gervase.

Julia Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1856. Baptised on the 24th August 1856 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. At home with her parents in Duxford in 1861 and 1871, Julia's death was recorded in the 1st quarter of 1887 at Saffron Walden. She was 29 years old, and hadn't married.

Fanny Carter
Born Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, 1857. Baptised on the 25th April 1858 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. She was given the name of her sister who had died the year before she was born. At home with her parents in Duxford in 1861, Fanny died in Duxford in the 1st quarter of 1862. She was 4 years old.

Elijah Carter
Born Duxford, Cambridgeshire, 1859. Baptised on the 9th October 1859 at St Mary's church, Shudy Camps. Although Elijah's place of birth would be given as Duxford in census returns, his baptism appears in the Shudy Camps parish records. It may be that this is a mistake, or perhaps he was taken home for baptism; whichever is true, it seems that at some point between 1857 and 1859 the Carter family made their permanent move the five miles or so from Shudy Camps to Duxford. Elijah was at home with his parents in Duxford in 1861, 1871 and 1881. In the 2nd quarter of 1884 he married Eliza Elliston in the Sudbury, Suffolk registration district. He brought her home to Duxford. They lived in Duxford in 1891 and by 1901 they were in Bottisham. They had at least four children, William, Albert, Frederick and Emily. Elijah died in Cambridge in 1935 at the age of 76.

John Carter
Born Duxford, Cambridgeshire, 1862. John was at home with his parents in Duxford in 1871 and 1881. John married Beatrice Deller in Duxford in the 2nd quarter of 1885, and their son George was born the following year. However, Beatrice died in the 1st quarter of 1888, and by the time of the 1891 census John and his son George were living back at home with John's parents. In the 1st quarter of 1892, John married Emily Ann Deller, who was probably a cousin of his first wife Beatrice, at Duxford. In 1901 they were living just across the border at Chrishall, Essex, and had 4 children of their own, Olive, Daisy, Winifred and Harry.

William Carter
Born Duxford, Cambridgeshire, 1864. William was at home with his parents in Duxford in 1871 and 1881. William married Margaret Leach in Letchworth, Hertfordshire, on 23rd May 1885. Their first child Albert was born in Hertfordshire the following year, and the next child Frank back in Whittlesford, Cambridgeshire in 1887, but they were in Higham Road, Tuddenham St Mary, West Suffolk for the 1891 census, and their children Lily and Ernest had been born there in 1889 and 1890. They were still at Tuddenham St Mary in 1910, by which time there were two more children, Daisy and Elizabeth.

   

In about 1859, John and Rebecca took their large family five miles west to the village of Duxford. Duxford is famous today for the Imperial War Museum site, but even in the mid-19th century it was a fairly large and busy parish, set beside the London to Cambridge road not far from the Essex border. There must have been plenty of work there. The Duxford Grange estate was a fairly isolated farmstead south-west of the village, the track to it today running along the southern edge of the Duxford airfield. In September 1864, at St John's church in Duxford, Mary Ann married Robert Reynolds, who had been born at Great Sampford, Essex in 1841, about six miles from Shudy Camps. The Reynolds family had been the village tailors, but Robert's parents had left Essex for Duxford in the early 1850s. By the time of the 1861 census Robert was working alongside his father James in Duxford as an agricultural labourer. Robert and Mary Ann were near-neighbours, and it is likely that their fathers were workmates, their families were friends.

These are the nine children of Robert and Mary Ann Reynolds, of Duxford Grange and then Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire. Unlike their parents, they were not generally a long-lived lot - indeed, four of them died before they were fifty years old. Three of the children married partners from Dry Drayton. Four of the others moved to London, where, curiously, they all met and married partners who were also living in London but who had been born back in Cambridgeshire. All the boys grew up to work with horses, either as grooms, horsekeepers, draymen, tram drivers or carters; three of them worked for breweries. It is worth noting that, while Robert and Mary Ann' children were born variously in Ickleton in Cambridgeshire, Great Chesterford in Essex and then back in Duxford in Cambridgeshire, these three parishes all run into each other, and the three villages are all roughly equidistant from Duxford Grange, and so Robert was probably an employee of the estate through all this time, moving his family about among various cottages.

    Alfred William Reynolds
Born Duxford 1864. In the 1880s Alfred worked as a farm labourer in Duxford, but by 1891 he had moved to Clerkenwell in east London, where he worked as a brewery drayman. He was living in Compton Buildings, a huge block of flats built as a model industrial dwelling by philanthropist employers. His brother John was living elsewhere in the same block. On Boxing Day that year, he married Mary Isabella Heath of Weston Colville, Cambridgeshire, at St Paul's church Clerkenwell.
The register entry survives, and suggests that she, too, was living in the Compton Buildings complex at the time. They had two children in Clerkenwell, Mabel Ellen Ada and Louis Alfred, but before the century ended, Alfred and Mary were back in Cambridgeshire, where Alfred was the landlord of the Coach and Horses pub at Melbourn near the Hertfordshire border. This pub still exists today as an up-market restaurant called the Coach House. Their daughter Dorothy Mary was born in the pub, and in the early years of the new century the family moved to the town of Royston just over the Hertfordshire border, where their daughter Frances Maud was born. However, Alfred died in Royston in the 2nd quarter of 1907, when he was 43 years old. In 1911 the family was still living in Royston. They obviously kept in contact with Alfred's family, because Alfred and Mary's daughter Mabel married a Dry Drayton boy, Percy Williams, at Royston in 1920.

John Reynolds
Born Ickleton 1866. John moved to London, and in 1891 he was living in the same block of flats as his brother Alfred, Compton Buildings, built as a model industrial dwelling by philanthropist employers. He was employed as a brewery worker, and he married Lily Andrews of Whittlesford at St Paul's church Clerkenwell on 2 February 1895. His sister Eliza was one of the witnesses, and they were all able to sign their names. The
register entry survives, and shows that Lily was also living in Compton Buildings. Their son Frank was baptised at St Paul's on 15th January 1901, and the family was still at Compton Buildings, but they had moved to Edmonton in north London by 1911. John died in 1939 at the age of 73, and was buried at Dry Drayton. His address in the registers was given as Tottenham General Hospital, London.

Emily Reynolds
Born Ickleton 1868. In 1891, Emily was a servant in the household of Henry Montagu Butler, the Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. She was a witness at her sister Eliza's marriage on Christmas Eve 1896, but does not appear on the 1901 census. She was probably the Emily Reynolds who died in the last quarter of 1897 in south-west Cambridgeshire, possibly at Melbourn. She was 29 years old.

Ann Reynolds
Born Ickleton 15th April 1870. She appears with the family on the 1881 census as Annie, the name she is recorded under thereafter. In 1891, Annie was a kitchenmaid in the household of the gentleman William Paley at Brook House, Horringer, Suffolk. She married George Elsey
on 4th August 1895 at St Stephen's church, Tredegar Street, Bow in east London. George had been born in Barton, Cambridgeshire in 1869. However, his father died before the 1871 census, and he and his widowed mother Sarah Elsey are shown living with her parents William and Naomi Morgan in Barton. By 1881, Sarah had remarried, to William Bye, and George was shown as George Bye, a 12 year old agricultural labourer living with his parents and siblings at Whittlesford in Cambridgeshire. In 1891 he was 22 and still with them in Duxford, Ann's parents' home parish, but had reverted to his own surname, Elsey. At the time of Ann and George's marriage, George gave his address as 24 Morville Street, Bow, and his profession as a carman. Annie's residence at the time of the marriage was Sevenoaks in Kent - presumably, she was in service there. Her father Robert's profession was given as stockman. The two witnesses to the marriage were George's brother and sister, William James Bye and Florence Annie Bye. Florence may well have been a friend of Annie's.

Ann and George had two children, Edwin George Robert, born at 49 Melville Street on 28th August 1896, and baptised on October 11th at St Stephen's church, and Ernest Joseph, born at 49 Melville Street on the 1st November 1897 and baptised on 12th June 1898 at St Stephen's church. But by the time of the 1901 census, Annie was dead. She died at 49 Melville Street on 29th November 1898. She was just 28 years old. In 1901 George was shown as a widower, living at 49 Morville Street North Bow in London. His profession was a railway plate layer. The older child Edwin was living with him, while the younger child Ernest was living with his grandparents Robert and Mary Ann Reynolds in Dry Drayton. Ernest joined the Navy during the First World War, and lived to the age of 89, dying in 1986.

Eliza Jane Reynolds
Born Great Chesterford 1872. In 1891 she was living with and looking after her 73 year old great aunt Sarah Reynolds at Radwinter in Essex. Eliza married the widower Charles Thompson at Dry Drayton on Christmas Eve 1896. They lived in Dry Drayton. She had five children, Charles, Sidney, Albert, Christopher and Cornelia. Her husband's nephew Walter was killed in WWI in 1918 and is on the Dry Drayton war memorial. She died at the age of 68, and was buried in Dry Drayton churchyard on 21st August 1940.

Edmund Reynolds
Born Great Chesterford 1874. At the age of 16 he was shown as a shepherd boy on the 1891 census. Soon after, Edmund moved to London. He married Minnie Bard, who coincidentally was also born in Great Chesterford, at West Ham in the fourth quarter of 1898. Their son Frederick was born in Stratford, east London in 1900. In 1901 they were living in West Ham, and Edmund was working as a horse tram driver. A second son, Edmund, was born in 1908. By 1911, Edmund senior was working as a horse driver for an egg and butter merchant, and the family were living in the Portman Buildings complex at Lisson Grove in west London. Edmund died in London in 1923 at the relatively young age of 49.

Ellen Louisa Reynolds
Born Duxford 1876. In 1901, Ellen was a servant in the household of Edmund Powers at 70a Ladbroke Grove, Kensington in London. One of the other servants in the household, Cornelia Wiles, was a witness to Ellen's marriage to Harry Bailey at Dry Drayton on 25th April 1910. Harry Bailey was a groom, from Hadleigh in Suffolk. They lived in Dry Drayton. Ellen died in Cambridge in 1966 at the age of 89.

Frederick Thomas Reynolds
Born Duxford 16th October 1878. My great-grandfather - see below.

Robert George Reynolds
Born Duxford 1881. Robert was an agricultural labourer in Dry Drayton at the time of the 1901 census, but by 1903 he had moved to St Albans in Hertfordshire and married Clara Julia Smart, a local girl. In 1901, Clara had been a servant in the household of the Civil Servant Charles Martin in St Albans, but what the census return does not show is that she also had a child. His name was George William, and he was being fostered by another family in the town. After her marriage to Robert, they had at least six more children of their own: Robert, Albert, James, Mabel, Edith and Kitty. In 1911, the family were living in St Albans and Robert was working as a horse shunter in a trolley works. On June 6th 1915, Robert signed up as a Private soldier with the Remount Squadron of the Army Service Corps. He was 33 years and 7 months old and stood 5 feet 4 and a half inches tall. Interestingly, he gave the date of his marriage to Clara as 1900 rather than 1903, presumably to make it look as if George had not been born out of wedlock, although he did not include George in the list of his children. Perhaps he and Clara had become accustomed to giving 1900 as the date of their marriage, although on the 1911 census form they recorded truthfully that they had only been married for seven years.

Robert appears to have served at the ASC depot in Romsey in Hampshire throughout the War. The only incident of note occured when he was confined to barracks for 4 days in 1916 for being absent without leave on parade. He survived the War to be awarded a pension in 1919. Clara died in 1945. I have not yet found the date of Robert's death.

   


Robert and Mary Ann's seventh child, my great-grandfather Thomas Reynolds, was baptised as Frederick Thomas, but he was always known as Thomas or Tom, and his baptismal forenames were always reversed even in official documents. He was born at Duxford Grange in 1878. At the time of the 1891 census, Thomas was already out to work as a twelve year old farm boy. And then, in the mid-1890s, the family moved to Dry Drayton, just to the north-west of Cambridge, where they settled, possibly to work on the Chivers estates. On the 1901 census Robert Reynolds appears as a stockman, a responsible position on a farm, equivalent to a horseman or a shepherd.

Mary Ann's parents both died in Duxford in the early years of the 20th Century, John in 1901 and Rebecca in 1904. Mary Ann's son Tom was 22 and working as an agricultural labourer in Dry Drayton for the 1901 census, but on the 28th November 1903 He married my great-grandmother Alice Anable, whose family lived a few doors from the Reynolds in Dry Drayton High Street. Alice had been working in service in Cambridge, but when they married at St Peter and St Pauls' church, Dry Drayton, Alice was heavily pregnant. Their first child was born just two months later, and they called her Winifred Ellen Reynolds. She was my grandmother. Alice and Thomas moved into a cottage in the village, and two more children were born there, Cecilia Emily and Ernest Walter.

In 1908, Tom got a job as a horsekeeper at Great Wilbraham, and the family moved on. Another child, Abigail Annie, was born there. By the time of the 1911 census they were still in Great Wilbraham at Valley Farm. In 1914, Tom and Alice were in Hildersham for the birth of their fifth child, Lydia Frances, but when the First World War broke out Tom enlisted as a Private soldier in the 1st Battalion of the Suffolk Regiment. His brother-in-law, Alice's brother Percy, joined up with him. About this time the family moved to 3 Benson Place off of North Street, Cambridge.

The 1st Suffolks were part of the 28th Division of the Army which was formed at Winchester during December 1914, suggesting that Thomas joined up a few months after the start of the War, but before conscription was introduced. The Division began landing at Le Havre on 16th January 1915, and the 1st Suffolks arrived in March, although Thomas Reynolds's medal record shows that he arrived in France on the 8th of June, two weeks after the burial of his infant daughter Lydia. Perhaps he had been given compassionate leave. Soon after this, the family moved to 4 Shelley Row in the Castle Hill area of Cambridge, where Tom would spend the rest of his life. The exact date is uncertain, but it was after 1916, because in November 1916 the Cambridge Independent Press reported the death of a teenage boy, Reuben Caldecoat, of 4 Shelley Row who was killed in an accident on Castle Hill. Perhaps it was this incident which made the Caldecoat family move.

Tom's battalion took part in the Second Battle of Ypres (but this was before he disembarked) and the Battle of Loos (where Thomas probably fought, and where the British first used poison gas on a large scale). But on 19th October 1915 the 1st Suffolks were ordered to prepare to sail to more distant shores. The first units left Marseilles for Alexandria in Egypt five days later, and all units were there by 22 November. They were then ordered on to Salonika in Greece, and completed disembarkation on 4 January 1916. The 1st Suffolks spent almost the next three years encamped at Salonika, a much safer place than the Western Front in France, with just one brief, furious battle at the end of the War. In 1916, the Reynolds's youngest daughter was named Salonica Ruth Reynolds in memory of where her father had been when she was born.

These are the six children of Tom and Alice Reynolds. Unlike their parents' generation, they all stayed close to Cambridge.

    Winifred Ellen Reynolds
Born Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire 4th February 1904. Baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton on 3rd April, Easter Sunday. Known by the family as Win. My grandmother - see below.

Cecilia Emily Reynolds
Born Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire 1905 and baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton on 24th December, Christmas Eve. Known by the family as Ciss. Later spelled her name Cecelia. She married Edward Cannell in Cambridge on 26th December, Boxing Day, 1925. After marrying, they lived in North Walsham, Norfolk where they had three daughters. Edward died in North Walsham in 1981 at the age of 80. Cecilia moved to Harlow in Essex, presumably to be with a daughter, and died there in November 1989 at the age of 84. She was the last of the children to die.

Ernest Alfred Reynolds
Born Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire 1907. Baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton on 5th May. Known by the family as Sonny. Ernest lived with his parents all his life, establishing a taxi business in Cambridge from the workshop at the bottom of his parents' garden at 4 Shelley Row. At the time of the 1938 Kelly's Directory for Cambridge he was listed as the householder, but this was probably just so that his taxi business could be advertised. He died of cancer at the age of 38 in 1945, and was buried in Dry Drayton churchyard on 7th September. The family story is that he contracted his final illness by smoking oil-stained cigarettes in his workshop. Ernest never married, but he was in a long term relationship, and when he died he left his accumulated wealth from the taxi business to his former partner, much to the anger of his mother.

Abigail Annie Reynolds
Born Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire 21st April 1910. Baptised at St Nicholas, Great Wilbraham on 5th June. Known by the family as Cad. She married Reginald Lander at St Giles, Cambridge, a short walk from her parents' house in Shelley Row, on 30th June 1929. Reginald Lander's family were partners in a busy Cambridge butcher's firm. They lived variously on Histon Road, Cambridge, at Station Road, Histon and at one point ran the Wheelwright's Arms, East Road, Cambridge. They had three children, two daughters and a son. They were the aunt, uncle and cousins my mother knew best, and she remembered her Aunt Cad and Uncle Reg with fondness and affection. Abigail died in Cambridge on the 26th April 1988 a few days after her 78th birthday

Lydia Frances Reynolds
Born Hildersham, Cambridgeshire 1914. Baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton on 1st November when her father Tom was recorded as a horsekeeper of Hildersham. Lydia died within a year, by which time the family had moved to Cambridge. She was buried 22nd May 1915, aged 12 months, as recorded in parish registers of St Luke, Chesterton, Cambridge. The burial was in Histon Road burial ground. The Reynolds family address was recorded as 3 Benson Place, North Street, Cambridge. This is off of Histon Road. Interestingly, her father arrived in France after his regiment's landing date, suggesting that he might have received compassionate leave because of his daughter's death.

Salonica Ruth Reynolds
Born Cambridge 1916. The family were probably still living at Benson Place, Cambridge. She was baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton on 5th March. Known to the family as Lon. She received her unusual name to remember the fact that her father was stationed at Salonika in Greece for much of the First World War, a much less dangerous theatre than the Western Front. She married Stanley George Impey at St Giles, Cambridge in 1936. Stan was a distant relative of Lon, born at Dry Drayton in 1911 and related through her mother's mother's family. They had two sons. The family lived at 130 Kings Hedges Road, Cambridge. After the death of Lon's father Tom, her mother Alice came to live in the Kings Hedges Road house in what my mother describes as a granny flat. Lon died at the age of 67 in 1983 in Cambridge, after which her husband lived in sheltered accomodation on Arbury Road before his death in 1989.

   



Tom's wife Alice's younger brother Harry was killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme, but Tom survived the conflict unscathed. At the end of the War, he returned to his family in Shelley Row, and he took a job with the Star Brewery on Newmarket Road as a drayman, delivering Tollemache Ales to pubs in Cambridge and the surrounding villages.
Thomas's parents Robert and Mary Ann Reynolds both spent the rest of their lives in Dry Drayton. Robert died in 1916 at the age of 75. Mary Ann, who had been born when Queen Victoria had been on the throne for just four years, lived until the grand old age of 98, dying in 1939, a few months before the outbreak of the Second World War, and into the lifetime of her great-granddaughter, my mother. Robert and Mary Ann were both buried in Dry Drayton churchyard.

Their son Tom and his wife Alice's eldest daughter, my grandmother Win, worked as a domestic servant. She is pictured at the age of 15 on the group photograph of those serving the huge Peace Celebration feast on Parkers Piece, Cambridge on 9th July 1919. She was then briefly in service, but on 10th July 1923 she married Edmund Stanley Cornwell, who came from Oakington, the neighbouring village to her home village of Dry Drayton. However, Win and Stan married more than a hundred miles away from Cambridgeshire in Lichfield, Staffordshire. They were both just 19 years old. They gave false ages to acquire the certificate, as one of them had to be of age, that is to say 21 or over. They were in Staffordshire because my grandmother was pregnant, and they had run away to get married. Stan's older sister Ruth lived at Colton on the outskirts of Rugeley, and she arranged the marriage for them.

Their first child was born less than three months later. He had a learning disability, and lived with his mother for the rest of her life. Winifred's parents never really forgave her for her pregnancy and hasty marriage to someone of whom they did not approve. It was only long after her death that the family discovered that Winifred's mother Alice had also been six months pregnant when she married Winifred's father in 1903. Winifred was that child.

Stan and Win returned to Cambridge after the birth of their first child, and lived firstly at Oakington with Stan's parents and then in Castle Row near to Win's parents. In the late 1920s they moved away, first to Barway near Ely and then to Grunty Fen on the other side of the river, before settling in Little Thetford.

These are the nine children of Edmund Stanley Cornwell and Winifred Ellen Reynolds:

    Cecil Thomas Walter Cornwell
Born Colton, Staffordshire on 29th October 1923. Cecil had a learning disability, and lived with his mother for the rest of her life. After her death, he lived in a care home at Toft, Cambridgeshire. He died in his sleep there in February 1990.

Stanley Arthur James Cornwell
Born Oakington, Cambridgeshire in 1925, and baptised at St Andrew's church, Oakington on 27th September. Known to the family as Jim. This suggests that the family were living with Stan's parents at the time. He signed up for the Navy in the Second World War. He was badly injured on 16th September 1942 aboard HMS Warspite. He was just 17 years old. The battleship was taking part in the Salerno Landings off the toe of Italy when it was hit by a German glider bomber.
This photograph shows the ratings being addressed shortly before the battle. Jim is in this photograph somewhere. He never recovered from his injuries, and died in 1946 at the age of twenty. He was buried in Little Thetford Cemetery, and is mentioned on the Little Thetford war memorial.

Jack Travers Cornwell
Born 2 Castle Row, Cambridge in 1928, and baptised in St Giles's church, Cambridge on 4th March. He was named after Jack Travers Cornwell, a 16 year old posthumous winner of the Victoria Cross, who at the time was one of the great heroes of the First World War. He married Edna Martin in Ely in 1954, and they lived at Mepal, Cambridgeshire.

Reginald Trevor Cornwell
Born River Bank, Barway, Cambridgeshire, 0n 28th January 1930, and baptised at St Nicholas's church, Barway on 6th April. Known to the family as Reggie. Married Beryl Dennis at Ely in 1954. Two years later, their father being dead, Reggie gave away my mother when she married. Reggie and Beryl lived at Little Thetford and then at Wilburton, Cambridgeshire. They had three children, two boys and a girl. Reggie died on 16th August 2001.

Edward Malcolm Cornwell
Born River Bank, Barway, Cambridgeshire 1931, and baptised at St Nicholas's church, Barway on 7th June. Known to the family as Malcolm. Married Betty Rudderham at Ely in 1950. They lived at Wilburton, and had five children, four girls and a boy. Betty died in 2015, Malcolm in August 2016.

Betty Katherine Cornwell
Born River Bank, Barway,Cambridgeshire on 1st December 1932, and baptised at St Nicholas's church, Barway on 7th June 1933. Betty contracted polio as a child, and was confined to a wheelchair for the rest of her life. She spent time at Manfield Hospital in Northampton, and then after 1956 living in the home for the physically disabled at Dorincourt, Leatherhead, Surrey, later the Queen Elizabeth Foundation. She died in Leatherhead in 1987.

June Frances Cornwell
Born Red Fen Lane, Grunty Fen, Little Thetford, Cambridgeshire in 1934. She married Keith Anthony Palmer at St George's church, Little Thetford on 9th April 1955. They lived at Little Downham and had two children, a boy and a girl.

Marion Patricia Cornwell
Born Red Fen Lane, Grunty Fen, Little Thetford, Cambridgeshire on 27th February 1936. She married Graham Knott at St George's church, Little Thetford on 4th August 1956. They lived at Little Thetford and then in Cambridge, and had three children, all boys. Marion died in Cambridge on 30th June 2016.

Albert Paul Cornwell
Born Front Street, Little Thetford, Cambridgeshire in 1937. Known to the family as Sonny. He married Shirley Carter at St Mary's church, Ely in 1957. They lived in Ely and had two children, both boys.

   

Win's father Tom died at the relatively young age of 64 in 1944, and was buried at Dry Drayton. Her mother Alice went to live with Win's sister Lon in Kings Hedges Road, Cambridge.

Although my grandfather died before I was born, Winifred Cornwell was the grandparent I knew best. I spent the first three years of my life living in the same house as her at Green Hill, Little Thetford in the Isle of Ely. After we moved to Cambridge she would often visit us, and I would go and stay with her. I spent a lot of the spring of 1966 living with her because of complications with the birth of my youngest brother, and there I met her mother, my great-great-grandmother Alice Anable, in the last few months of her life, who had also come to stay.

I remember Win as being a very comfy, smiling old lady, although she was actually only in her late fifties when I was born. The thing that strikes me about her now when I look at her on earlier photographs is quite how stunningly beautiful she was when she was young, and that my own daughter, who of course she never met, looks uncannily like her.

She died of a stroke, possibly as a result of the side-effects of an anti-arthritis drug, at Chesterton Hospital in Cambridge in 1983. She was 79 years old. Her ashes were scattered in the fields near Dry Drayton.


AT A GLANCE: DETAILS FROM REGISTERS AND CENSUS DATA
all addresses are in Cambridgeshire unless otherwise stated.
 
 
  Birthplace 1881 census 1891 census 1901 census 1911 census married to
  (date registered) age address age address age address age address date of marriage

Robert


Great Sampford, Essex (1841)


40


Duxford Grange, Duxford


50


Duxford Grange, Duxford


59


High Street, Dry Drayton


70


High Street (1), Dry Drayton


Robert married Mary Ann Carter in the 3rd quarter of 1864 at Duxford, Cambridgeshire


Mary Ann
(Carter)

Shudy Camps, Cambs (1841)


39


Duxford Grange, Duxford


49


Duxford Grange, Duxford


58


High Street, Dry Drayton


69


High Street (1), Dry Drayton


Mary Ann married Robert Reynolds in the 3rd quarter of 1864 at Duxford, Cambridgeshire

                     

Alfred


Duxford, Cambs (1864)


16


Duxford Grange, Duxford


26


194 Compton Buildings, Clerkenwell, London


36


Coach and Horses, Newmarket Road, Melbourn

 
Alfred was dead by the time of the 1911 census


Alfred married Mary Isabella Heath on 26th December 1891 at St Paul's church, Clerkenwell, London


John


Ickleton, Cambs (1866)


14


Duxford Grange, Duxford

 
23


313 Compton Buildings, Clerkenwell, London


34


234 Compton Buildings, Clerkenwell, London


44


86 Gladesmore Road, Edmonton, London

 
John married Lily Andrews on 2nd February 1895 at St Paul's church, Clerkenwell, London


Emily


Ickleton, Cambs (1868)


13


Duxford Grange, Duxford


23


Trinity College, Cambridge

   
I have not found Emily on the 1901 census. She may already have been dead.

 
Emily was dead by the time of the 1911 census

 


Ann


Ickleton, Cambs (1870)


10


Duxford Grange, Duxford

 
20


Brook House, Horringer, Suffolk

   
Ann was dead by the time of the 1901 census

 
Ann was dead by the time of the 1911 census

 
Ann married George Elsey on 4th August 1895 at St Stephen's church, Bow, London


Eliza


Gt Chesterford, Essex (1872)

 
8

 
Duxford Grange, Duxford

   
18

 
Radwinter, Essex

   
28

     
Pettits Lane, Dry Drayton

   
38

   
High Street (2), Dry Drayton

 
Eliza married Charles Thompson on 24th December 1896 at Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire


Edmund


Gt Chesterford, Essex (1875)


6


Duxford Grange, Duxford


16


Duxford Grange, Duxford


26


28 Cedar Road, West Ham, London


36


219 Portman Buildings, Lisson Grove, Marylebone, London

 
Edmund married Minnie Bard in the 4th quarter of 1898 at West Ham, London.


Ellen



Duxford, Cambs (1876)


4

 
Duxford Grange, Duxford

 
14

  
Duxford Grange, Duxford


24

   
70a Ladbroke Grove, Kensington, London

 
High Street (3), Dry Drayton

 
Ellen married Harry Bailey on 25th April 1910 at Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire


Thomas


Duxford, Cambs (1878)


2

 
Duxford Grange, Duxford

 
12

   
Duxford Grange, Duxford


22


High Street, Dry Drayton


32


Valley Farm, Great Wilbraham


Thomas married Alice Anable on the 28th November 1903 at Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire


Robert


Duxford, Cambs (1881)

 
Robert had not been born at the time of the 1881 census


9


Duxford Grange, Duxford


19


High Street, Dry Drayton


29


45 Old London Road, St Albans, Herts

 
George married Clara Smart on 13th April 1903 at St Albans, Hertfordshire

     
   
     
Ages are as shown on census.
(name) after name indicates different given name on some censuses.
(number) after street name indicates more than one Reynolds household in that street.
 

 

 

LIFE GOES ON: AN INTRODUCTION

MY GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS

THE SIXTEEN FAMILIES

KNOTT - I - BOWLES - I - WATERS - I - HARRALL - I - PAGE - I - WISEMAN - I - CROSS - I - CARTER

CORNWELL - I - HUCKLE - I - MORTLOCK - I - MANSFIELD - I - REYNOLDS - I - CARTER - I - ANABLE - I - STEARN

CHRONOLOGY - I - DRAMATIS PERSONAE - I - WHERE PEOPLE CAME FROM - I - CALENDAR

MAP OF ELY - I - MAP OF MEDWAY
MAP OF CAMBRIDGE AND DISTRICT

THE WORKHOUSE

WORLD WAR I - I - WORLD WAR II

simonknott.co.uk I home I e-mail

LIFE GOES ON