Frederick Thomas Reynolds
married to Alice Mary Anable
father of Winifred Ellen Reynolds
Frederick Thomas Reynolds (1878-1944). My Mother's Mother's Father. My Great-Grandfather.
Frederick Thomas Reynolds, always known as Thomas or Tom, was the eighth of nine children born to a poor rural family on the Cambridgeshire/Essex border. By the age of 12 he was at work, as a farm boy in Duxford. At 22, he was still living at home and working as an agricultural labourer in Dry Drayton, on the outskirts of Cambridge. A lot happened in the next ten years, because the 1911 census finds him married to Alice Anable with four children, the oldest of whom was my grandmother, and living at Great Wilbraham. Alice Anable came from a Dry Drayton family, although at the time Thomas was living in Dry Drayton in 1901 she was working as a live-in servant in the centre of Cambridge. Thomas and Alice were married just four months before their eldest daughter, my grandmother Winifred Ellen, was born.
In 1911, Thomas was working as a horse keeper, a skilled position on any farm, at a farm which appears to have had the raising and training of horses as its main business. He would work with horses for much the rest of his life. However, when the First World War broke out, he enlisted as a Private soldier in the 1st Battalion of the Suffolk Regiment.
The 1st Suffolks were part of the 28th Division of the Army. The Long Long Trail website records that the 28th was formed at Hursley, Pitt Hill and Magdalen Hill Camp near Winchester in December 1914 - January 1915 and was rushed as a much-needed reinforcement to France. Shortage of some types of units were filled by Territorial units taken from other Divisions. It embarked at Southampton and landed at Le Havre on 16-19 January 1915 (Thomas Reynolds's medal record shows that his battalion arrived in France six months later, on the 8th of June) and then moved to concentrate in the area between Bailleul and Hazebrouck. The Division subsequently took part in the Second Battle of Ypres (but this was before Thomas Reynolds disembarked) and the Battle of Loos (where Thomas probably fought, and where the British first used poison gas on a large scale). The Division was ordered on 19 October 1915 to to prepare to sail. The first units left Marseilles for Alexandria (Egypt) five days later and all units were there by 22 November. The Division was then ordered on to Salonika and completed its disembarkation on 4 January 1916.
The Division spent the
rest of the War in the Eastern Mediterranean, a much
safer theatre than the Western Front in France. The
Reynolds's youngest daughter was named Ruth Salonika
Reynolds in commemoration of where her father was when
she was born. On returning, Thomas Reynolds and his
family moved to Cambridge, where Thomas took a job with
the Star Brewery on Newmarket Road as a drayman,
delivering Tollemache Ales to pubs in Cambridge and the
surrounding villages. They lived on Shelley Row. He died
at the relatively young age of 64 in 1944, and was buried
in Dry Drayton graveyard.
1903: Thomas married Alice Mary Beatrice Anable at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton on November 28th, two months before the birth of their first child, my grandmother Winifred Ellen.
1904: Thomas and Alice's daughter Winifred Ellen was born in Dry Drayton, Cambridgeshire on 4th February. She was baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton, on April 3rd, which that year was Easter Sunday.
1905: Thomas and Alice's daughter Cecilia was born in Dry Drayton and baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton, on Christmas Eve.
1907: Thomas and Alice's son Ernest was born in Dry Drayton and baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton, on 5th May..
1909: The family were in Great Wilbraham for the birth of Thomas and Alice's daughter Abigail.
1914: Thomas and
Alice's daughter Lydia Frances was born in Hildersham and
baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton, on 1st
November. She was dead within a year.
1916: The family were recorded as living at 3 Benson Place, Cambridge for the birth of Winifred's sister Salonika Ruth. She was baptised at St Peter and St Paul, Dry Drayton, on 5th March.
1919: after returning from the War, Alice's husband Tom took a job with the Star Brewery in Cambridge as a drayman. The family lived at 4 Shelley Row on Castle HIll. They were still there at the time of the 1938 Cambridge Street Directory, and my mother remembers visiting the house as a child in the 1940s.
1920: The electoral roll for 1920 and all further electoral rolls until 1952 show Alice and Tom (until his death in 1944) living at 4 Shelley Row, Cambridge.
1923: Alice and Tom's daughter Winifred Ellen married Edmund Stanley 'Stan' Cornwell on 10th July at Lichfield registry office, Staffordshire. Stan was from Oakington, Cambridgeshire, but they had run away to stay with his sister in Staffordshire because Winifred was pregnant. Stan and Win's son Cecil was born in Colton Staffordshire three months later. Eventually, they returned to Cambridge and lived with Stan's parents, before settling near Win's parents on Castle Hill.
1925: Alice and Tom's daughter Cecilia married Edward Cannell on Boxing Day at St Giles, Cambridge. They went to live in North Walsham.
1929: Alice and Tom's daughter Abigail married Reginald Lander on 30th June at St Giles, Cambridge.
1936: Alice and Tom's daughter Salonica married Stanley George Impey at St Giles, Cambridge. They went to live at 172 Kings Hedges Road, Cambridge.
1939: The 1939 Register shows Tom, Alice and their son Ernest living at 4 Shelley Row, Cambridge. Tom is shown as a builder's labourrer, Alice as a college bedmaker, and Ernest as a lorry driver.
Reynolds died in Cambridge in the third quarter of 1944.
He was buried in Dry Drayton churchyard on 4th September.
LIFE GOES ON: AN INTRODUCTION
MY GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS
THE SIXTEEN FAMILIES
KNOTT - I - BOWLES - I - WATERS - I - HARRALL - I - PAGE - I - WISEMAN - I - CROSS - I - CARTER
CORNWELL - I - HUCKLE - I - MORTLOCK - I - MANSFIELD - I - REYNOLDS - I - CARTER - I - ANABLE - I - STEARN
CHRONOLOGY - I - DRAMATIS PERSONAE - I - WHERE PEOPLE CAME FROM - I - CALENDAR
MAP OF ELY - I - MAP OF MEDWAY
MAP OF CAMBRIDGE AND DISTRICT
WORLD WAR I - I - WORLD WAR II
simonknott.co.uk I home I e-mail
LIFE GOES ON