ON: AN INTRODUCTION
GRANDPARENTS - I - MY GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY
GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS - I - MY
KNOTT - I - BOWLES - I - WATERS - I - HARRALL - I - PAGE - I - WISEMAN - I - CROSS - I - CARTER
CORNWELL - I - HUCKLE - I - MORTLOCK - I - MANSFIELD - I - REYNOLDS - I - CARTER - I - ANABLE - I - STEARN
CHRONOLOGY - I - DRAMATIS PERSONAE - I - WHERE PEOPLE CAME FROM - I - CALENDAR
MAP OF ELY - I - MAP OF MEDWAY
CAMBRIDGE AND DISTRICT
WORLD WAR I - I - WORLD WAR II
simonknott.co.uk I home I e-mail
died Ely, Cambridgeshire, 1909
on the Page family tree
part of the Cross family story
married to Mary
father of Thomas
and Mary Butty
(1828-1909). My Father's Mother's Mother's
Father's Father. My Great-Great-Great-Grandfather.
Thomas was in a long line of Thomas Crosses, sharing the
name with both his father and with his son. The Cross
surname is the most common of all in the Waterside area
of Ely in the 19th Century, but the family are fairly
easy to trace thanks to the meticulously-kept Ely Holy
Trinity parish registers of the time. Even so, the 1861
census for Ely is lost, and at other census times Thomas
seems to have had a somewhat wayward attitude to the ages
of himself, his wife and his children. Generally, my
ancestral Ely families stayed very close to Holy Trinity
parish, but Thomas presents us with the intriguing detail
that two of his children appear to have been born in
London in the 1860s. Did he go there to seek a new life?
The family were certainly back in Ely by 1871, and did
not apparently leave it again.
The Crosses tended to live long
lives by 19th Century working class standards, and Thomas
was 80 when he died in the Ely workhouse in 1909.
1828: Thomas was
born in Holy Trinity parish, Ely. He was
baptised on 26th August in Ely Cathedral, the son of
Thomas and Mary.
Thomas was thirteen years old at
the time of the 1841 census. He gave his occupation as
Agricultural Labourer. The Cross family were living in Broad
Thomas's father Thomas Cross was 38
years old. He also gave his occupation as Agricultural
Labourer. Thomas's mother Mary was 35 years old.
There were five other children in
the house on the night of the census. Martha was 11, Mary
was 8, Robert was 5 and Elizabeth was 1. Also in the
household was Hugh Butty, 15 years old, who gave his
occupation as agricultural labourer. He was probably a
nephew of Thomas's mother, whose maiden name was Butty.
Everyone in the household was born in Cambridgeshire.
Thomas was twenty
two years old at the time of the 1851
census. No occupation was recorded. The
Cross family were living in Potters
Lane, Ely, Cambridgeshire.
Thomas was 46 years old. He is shown as a
Porter. Thomas's mother was shown as 50
Thomas was the
oldest of five children at home on the
night of the 1851 census. Mary was 17,
Robert was 15, Elizabeth was 11 and
William was 9.
Everyone in the
household was born in the Ely Trinity
1854: on 20th January, Thomas married Mary Ann
Chapman in the Lady Chapel of Ely Cathedral.
The 1861 census returns for
Ely are lost. Thomas would have been about
thirty-three years old at the time of the 1861
census. Intriguingly, his son Richard, who would
be ten years old on the 1871 census, was born in
London, as was 6 year old Alice. If Thomas was in
London for the 1861 census though, I have not
forty-three years old at the time of the
1871 census. He gave his occupation as
Labourer (Water). The Cross family were
living in Water Side, Ely,
His wife Mary
(recorded as Mary Ann) was 42. There were
seven children in the houshold on the
night of the census.Thomas was 19, Martha
was 19 (were she and Thomas twins? but it
is only 17 years since Thomas and Mary
Ann were married, so these and subsequent
ages may not be correct - see entry for
1881), Mary Ann was 16, Emily was 14,
Richard was 10, Alais (Alice?) was 6 and
Harriett was 4.
Thomas is shown as
born in Ely,
Cambridgeshire, as were his wife and all
his children except for Richard and
Alais, who were born in London. The
transcript for their entry is here. Interestingly, the Carter
family lived next door, and in 1881 the
younger Thomas would marry Sarah Carter,
who was 11 at the time of the 1871
1877: There is an intriguing
mention in the Cambridge Independent Press
of a Thomas Cross, a gas house labourer of Ely,
who had appeared before Ely bench charged with disobeying
an order for the payment of 6d a week towards the
support of his daughter now in Sunderland
reformatory school. He was ordered to pay
the arrears or be imprisoned for 28 days. The
name Thomas Cross was not unique in Ely, but it
might be worth investigating if this is our
The Cross family were
living at New Barnes Road, Ely,
Cambridgeshire at the time of the 1881
census, and their entry is most curious.
Thomas is shown as a
labourer. Thomas and Ann (not Mary Ann) give
their ages as forty - that is to say, younger
than they were in 1871! And yet it is clearly the
same family, because the children have the names
in the right order and with the right birth
places - but their ages are equally odd. Martha
is 23 (19 in 1871) Richard is 16 (10 in 1871)
Alice is 14 (6 in 1881) and Harriet is 12 (4 in
1871). There is another child, Robert, aged 7.
All the family were born in
Ely, Cambridgeshire, except for Richard and Alice
who are born in London. This matches the places
given in 1871. The transcript for their entry is here.
Thomas was sixty years old
at the 1891 census. He was an agricultural
labourer. The Cross family were living in a
cottage on Newnham Street, Ely,
His wife Mary Ann (Ann on
the census) was also 60. Two of Thomas and Mary
Ann's children were in the house on the night of
the census, Martha aged 34 and Robert 17. There
is also a grandchild, William Cross aged 16.
Everyone in the household
was born in Ely, Cambridgeshire.
seventy-six years old at the time of the
1901 census. He was a gasworks labourer,
living in Broad Street, Ely.
Thomas was a
widower. No one else was living in the
January, Thomas died in the Ely Workhouse at the age of
80. He was buried in Ely cemetery on 31st January in plot
G631. His age was given as 77.